The combined monthly limit for transportation in a commuter highway vehicle and a transit pass will increase to $315 in 2024, up from the 2023 limit of $300.
The monthly limit in 2024 for qualified parking will also increase to $315 from $300.
Internal Revenue Code Section 132(f) allows employers to offer qualified transportation benefit programs to their employees on a tax-free basis.
Qualified Transportation Fringe Benefits
Under these programs, employees may have money withheld from their taxable compensation to pay for or reimburse work-related expenses for qualified parking, transit passes and transportation in certain commuter highway vehicles (e.g., qualifying van pools).
Employers may also provide these benefits tax-free to employees.
Section 132(f) establishes a maximum monthly amount of qualified transportation benefits employees may exclude from their income, subject to cost-of-living adjustments announced by the IRS before the beginning of each calendar year.
Both employee pre-tax salary deferrals and employer-paid benefits, if any, count toward the maximum amount.
No Tax Deduction for Employer
Beginning in 2018, the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act of 2017 eliminated the employer tax deduction for qualified transportation benefits.
The employer deduction is disallowed regardless of whether the benefits are paid directly by the employer, through a bona fide reimbursement arrangement or through a compensation reduction agreement.
See the IRS News Release for information about the annual inflation adjustments for more than 60 tax provisions, including the qualified transportation fringe benefit.